Getting regular eye exams are the best way to keep your eye prescriptions updated, to be aware of any hidden eye issues and to ensure that you enjoy proper vision for all of your life. It is recommended by health experts that you should get your eyes examined regularly after 2 year intervals. However, if you have a family history of eye problems, then you should get your eyes examined more often.
What Happens During an Eye Exam?
First of all, a detailed eye exam should be conducted by a professional eye doctor. It takes about an hour and consists of different tests and procedures that check your vision, examine each part of your eye as well as their overall health. A comprehensive eye exam usually consists of the following parts:
Your Health History
Before an eye doctor starts your eye examination, they will ask you about your previous
eye problems, any medicines that you are taking, and if you have undergone any surgery in the past. If you have any pain or symptoms, the doctor will ask you what they are and how long you have had them, and if any changes have occurred over the time period.
You will also be asked about your purpose of visit, whether it is a routine checkup or because of a more specific reason. You should also tell your doctor about your previous glasses or contacts, if you suffer from headaches and vision or focusing problems.
The Eye Exam
Eye doctors will internally and externally examine your eyes. This allows them to make assessments about your eye health. An ophthalmoscope will be used to examine the insides of your eye which is a torch that shines light through the pupils allowing a detailed study of the internal eye structures.
This is done to see how well your eyes work together. The doctor will cover and uncover each eye and ask you to stare at a target set at a particular distance so the movement of your eyes could be observed. This test may be repeated with the target set at another distance.
The Eye Muscle Movement Test
The doctor will ask you to visually track a target in different directions to observe your eye muscle movements and to assure that the eyes are aligned properly.
Refraction is a test to measure near or far sightedness, presbyopia and astigmatism. You will be subjected to a series of lens and the eye doctor will ask you which one helps you see more clearly.
This test is usually done so that the doctor could give you a prescription.
Retinoscopy is what gives your eye doctor a way to measure refraction. It is usually performed in the early stages of an eye exam and it gives the doctor a starting point to determine whether or not you need a prescription for glasses.
Slit Lamp Examinations
A slit lamp (also called a biomicroscope) is an instrument that is used to examine the front and back part of the eye. This test is done to examine the eye’s overall condition. The instrument magnifies the eyes so that eye structures can be clearly observed. Since each part of the eye is examined, this procedure can help in the discovery of cataracts.
Could This Be a Treatment for You?Tonometry (also called the air-puff test) is the measurement of the eye’s pressure (Intraocular pressure). This is important because of the pressure inside your eye is higher than usual, then you might be at a risk of Glaucoma.
Our eyes are the windows through which we see the world. And it is important to get them regularly examined by a professional eye doctor to make sure your eyes are in the best possible condition. If you live in, or near Santa Monica, then book an appointment with Dr. Barry Cohen today, since he is the best eye doctor in Santa Monica. You can be sure that you (and your eyes) are in good hands!
Call us at 310-464-0229 to schedule an appointment.